OGILBY, John (1600-1676), translator. [MONTANUS, Arnoldus (ca 1625-1683)]. America: being the latest, and most Accurate Description of the New World... Collected from most Authentick Authors, Augmented with later Observations, and Adorn'd with maps and Sculptures, by John Ogilby. London: Printed by the Author, 1671.
Folio (401 x 258 mm). Engraved allegorical title, letterpress title printed in red and black. 56 engraved plates comprising: 6 portraits, 3 folding views and plans, 17 engraved double-page maps and 30 double-page views; 66 engraved illustrations in text; woodcut initials, head- and tail-pieces. (Without the "Arx Carolina" view [see below], map of Virginia pars Australis apparently supplied and with marginal repair lower right corner, A3 with portion of lower corner margin torn away, O2 with rust-hole affecting a few letters, a few leaves with pale dampstain, otherwise fine.) Contemporary calf gilt, spine gilt, morocco lettering-piece gilt (rebacked preserving original spine, corners renewed); cloth slipcase. Provenance: Charles Palmer, later Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, 1st Duke of Southampton (1662-1870), Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland’s illegitimate son (early letterpress gift bookplate dated 10 May 1707, engraved armorial bookplate).
FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH, second issue, without the "Arx Carolina" plate, and with the Lords Proprietor's map and a map of Barbados. In place of the "Arx Carolina" plate (depicting the castle on the French settlement at present Paris Island) is Moxon's map of Carolina, A New Discription of Carolina By Order of the Lords Proprietors (known as The First Lords Proprietors Map). The map was based on a manuscript map by philosopher John Locke, and is the first large-format map of the newly-settled Carolina colony. Also in the present copy is a copy of the Virginia pars Australis map found in copies of the first issue (likely supplied from another copy).
Ogilby's text is, in part, a translation of Montanus's De Nieuwe en Onbekende Weereld, with numerous additions about New England, New France, Maryland and Virginia from more reliable sources. He includes a short section, “New Netherland, now call’d New York,” which recounts the transfer of sovereignty from the Netherlands to England in 1664. Most of the plates were reprinted from the original Dutch atlas plates. Alden & Landis 671/207; Borba de Moraes II:626; JCB (3) III:227-8; Palau 177493; Sabin 50089; Stokes Manhattan VI:262; Wing O-165. A FINE WIDE-MARGINED COPY.